Ms Carol-Ann Getty

I am a final year PhD student at the National Addiction Centre, King’s College London. My PhD research focuses on the remote delivery of Contingency Management to promote positive behaviour change in individual’s with substance use disorder. More specifically, my research explores the feasibility and acceptability of monitoring substance use behaviours such as abstinence, medication adherence and treatment engagement, and delivering incentives remotely using mobile telephones.

I hold a BSc Hons Psychology degree and MSc in Applied Behaviour Analysis from Ulster University. I have experience of working and volunteering within residential drug and alcohol detox units, substance misuse treatment centres and homeless hostels. More recently, I worked at Johns Hopkins Baltimore, in a Behavioural Research unit implementing and evaluating contingency management behavioural interventions that aim to achieve and maintain abstinence in unemployed refractory drug users and reduce HIV-related risk behaviours in injection drug users.

A systematic review and meta-analysis of the effectiveness of Mobile Telephone-Delivered Contingency Management interventions promoting behaviour change in individuals with substance use disorders

Title: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of the effectiveness of Mobile Telephone-Delivered Contingency Management interventions promoting behaviour change in individuals with substance use disorders.

Aim: Contingency management (CM) interventions have gained considerable interest due to their success in the treatment of addiction. However they require frequent monitoring of behaviour change and differential delivery of incentives making their implementation resource intensive and burdensome for clinical staff. Telephone-based systems offer a low-cost alternative, allowing greater accessibility to services; remote therapeutic contact and monitoring of behaviour; minimise issues of staffing and resources; and allow for services to stay in contact with patients over a longer period to support recovery.

This review aimed to assess the effectiveness of telephone-delivered CM to promote abstinence and treatment adherence among individuals receiving substance use treatment, from studies using randomised controlled trial design.

Participants: 18years+, in treatment for substance use disorder (opiates, stimulants and alcohol), receiving telephone-delivered CM or treatment as usual.

Methods: Selected databases were systematically searched (from 1995 to Present) using inclusion/exclusion criteria.

Data Analysis: A systematic review of findings will be undertaken and if appropriate, a meta-analysis will be performed.

Results/Conclusions: 1303 records were identified with 61 retained after initial screening to be investigated as full text.  The review will examine what behaviours have been successfully targeted using telephone-delivered CM (abstinence, adherence) and effectiveness across different types of substances.


Dr Nicola Metrebian, King’s College London Professor Michael Lynskey, King’s College London Dr Tim Weaver, King’s College London Ana Morande, King’s College London

Conflicts of interest:

No conflict of interest